Life Safety Systems

Life Safety Systems

A live safety system are those active and passive systems and equipment employed within a building or structure to prevent and protect people from injury or death.  Typical life safety systems include fire detection and alarm systems, emergency warning systems, automatic fire sprinkler systems, mechanical ventilation systems, portable fire extinguishers, fire hydrant systems, fire hose reel systems, emergency lights, evacuation signs, and artificial lighting systems, etc.

Buildings also employ passive and active safety systems within the design and construction of the building such as;

  • building fire integrity;
    • Building elements required to satisfy prescribed fire-resistance levels.
    • Materials and assemblies required to have fire hazard properties
    • Elements required to be non-combustible, provide fire protection, compartmentation or separation
    • Wall-wetting sprinklers (including doors and windows required in conjunction with wall-wetting sprinklers)
    • Fire doors (including sliding fire doors and their associated warning systems) and associated self- closing, automatic closing and latching mechanisms
    • Solid core doors and associated self-closing, automatic closing and latching mechanisms
    • Fire Shutters
    • Fire windows/glazing (including windows that are automatic or permanently fixed in the closed position)
    • Fire protection at service penetrations through elements required to be fire-resisting with respect to integrity or insulation, or to have a resistance to the incipient spread of fire
    • Smoke doors and associated self-closing, automatic closing and latching mechanisms
    • Fire Protection associated with construction joints spaces and the like in and between buildings elements required to be fire-resisting with respect to integrity or insulation
    • Fire Curtains
  • means of egress;
    • Paths of travel to exits
    • Discharge from exits (including paths of travel from open spaces to the public roads to which they are connected)
    • Exits (including fire-isolated stairways and ramps, non- fire-isolated stairways and ramps, stair treads, balustrades and handrails associated with exits, and fire-isolated passageways)
    • Smoke lobbies to fire-isolated exits
    • Open access ramps or balconies for fire-isolated exits
    • Doors (other than fire or smoke doors) in a required exit, forming part of a required exit or in a path of travel to a required exit, and associated self-closing, automatic closing and latching mechanisms

Disclaimer

In preparing this definition, we have drawn from various sources including Legislation, Codes, Standards and industry information, research and knowledge.  Like the english language, these definitions may subtly change from time to time. As such these definitions are provided solely on the basis that users will be responsible for making their own assessment of the definition and and are advised to verify all relevant representations, statements and information.